Posts in Dogs
Canine Breed Spotlight: Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is thought to be one of the oldest herding breeds. They may be descendants of ancient Roman drover dogs (a mastiff-type dog) that traveled to Germany with the Romans as guard and herding dogs of the cattle that the Romans traveled with. One of the towns where the Romans set up a colony was named das Rote Wil when it was discovered. It is thought that this is where the name Rottweiler originated. Once rail transport replaced cattle drives, the Rottweiler almost become extinct. The need for police dogs surged near the beginning of World War I and this lead to the revival of the breed. The popularity of this breed continued to grow from then on, reaching the peak of its popularity in the mid-1990s.

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Canine Coronavirus

This breed of cat originates in France. They are known for their woolly blue-grey double coats, which look similar to a Spanish wood called la pile des Chartreux.  This is thought to be where their name came from. They are exceptional hunters and are highly prized by farmers because of their mousing and ratting skills.  Besides their woolly coat, they are known to have orange or copper colored eyes, large and muscular bodies with shorter legs and they tend to have a “smile”  due to the structure of their heads and their tapered muzzles. The Chartreux is a very rare breed of cat (the breed almost went extinct during World War I). They were imported to North America in the 1970s.

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Leptospirosis in Dogs

Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection that dogs can get when the Leptospira bacteria penetrate the skin and spread through the body via the bloodstream. Leptospira bacteria are usually found in warm, humid areas and in stagnant water. Wild animals such as skunks, foxes and raccoons can also be carriers of the bacteria. The bacteria is shed and spread by the urine of infected animals. Dogs can become infected through exposure to contaminated water (by ingestion or contact through broken skin), exposure to urine from an infected animal (contaminated food or bedding, etc) or through bite wounds. It is important to know that the Leptospira bacteria is zoonotic, meaning that it can be transmitted to humans and other animals.

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Dogs, Medical InformationKari
Canine Distemper

Canine distemper is a very contagious and deadly virus that affects a dog’s respiratory, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems, as well as the conjunctival membranes of the eye. Dogs are not the only animal susceptible to this virus. Ferrets and wildlife such as raccoons, coyotes, wolves, foxes and skunks are at risk as well. Dogs of all ages are susceptible to distemper, but those with suppressed immune systems and dogs that are un-vaccinated or not completely vaccinated are at the highest risk for contracting the virus.  Prognosis for recovery is very guarded for this disease. Those who do recover usually have lasting neurological deficits for the rest of their life.

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Canine Adenovirus

There are two types of canine adenovirus, type one (CAV-1) and type two (CAV-2). Canine adenovirus-1 causes infectious canine hepatitis, which is a viral infection of the liver. While canine adenovirus-2  is one of a few viruses that causes canine infectious tracheobronchitis, which is also known as kennel cough.

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