Poison and Toxicity

Poisoning and toxicities can happen at any time. Usually the cause of the poisoning is due to a combination of human error and mischievous pets. Toxic substances left unattended may be accidentally ingested by pets. Toxic foods left out on the counter or table will be no match to a determined pet. Plant toxicities may occur if you were unaware the plant was actually toxic, or if they are in areas of your house where they are in reach of your pet.

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Canine Breed Spotlight: Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is thought to be one of the oldest herding breeds. They may be descendants of ancient Roman drover dogs (a mastiff-type dog) that traveled to Germany with the Romans as guard and herding dogs of the cattle that the Romans traveled with. One of the towns where the Romans set up a colony was named das Rote Wil when it was discovered. It is thought that this is where the name Rottweiler originated. Once rail transport replaced cattle drives, the Rottweiler almost become extinct. The need for police dogs surged near the beginning of World War I and this lead to the revival of the breed. The popularity of this breed continued to grow from then on, reaching the peak of its popularity in the mid-1990s.

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Feline Breed Spotlight: Munchkin

The Munchkin cat came from a natural genetic mutation causing a cat to have short legs. The gene for the short, turned out legs has a dominant inheritance pattern, similar to Corgis and Dachshunds. This is a new breed of cat, recognized by The International Cat Association in the late 1990s. Even though the breed is new, short legged cats are not a new thing. There are reports of short legged cats from around the world since the 1940s. In the 1980s a stray cat gave birth to a litter with some short legged kittens. One male from this litter, as well as the mother cat were the basis from where the breed known today originated from. Breeding programs for new breeds have a genetics committee to monitor breeding data to oversee the development of the breed. Outcrosses to domestic shorthairs and longhairs are used to ensure a diverse gene pool as this breed continues to develop.

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Canine Coronavirus

This breed of cat originates in France. They are known for their woolly blue-grey double coats, which look similar to a Spanish wood called la pile des Chartreux.  This is thought to be where their name came from. They are exceptional hunters and are highly prized by farmers because of their mousing and ratting skills.  Besides their woolly coat, they are known to have orange or copper colored eyes, large and muscular bodies with shorter legs and they tend to have a “smile”  due to the structure of their heads and their tapered muzzles. The Chartreux is a very rare breed of cat (the breed almost went extinct during World War I). They were imported to North America in the 1970s.

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Leptospirosis in Dogs

Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection that dogs can get when the Leptospira bacteria penetrate the skin and spread through the body via the bloodstream. Leptospira bacteria are usually found in warm, humid areas and in stagnant water. Wild animals such as skunks, foxes and raccoons can also be carriers of the bacteria. The bacteria is shed and spread by the urine of infected animals. Dogs can become infected through exposure to contaminated water (by ingestion or contact through broken skin), exposure to urine from an infected animal (contaminated food or bedding, etc) or through bite wounds. It is important to know that the Leptospira bacteria is zoonotic, meaning that it can be transmitted to humans and other animals.

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Dogs, Medical InformationKari
Plaque Off

Are you looking for an easy way to complement your pet’s dental home care? Plaque Off is a patented natural food supplement which is clinically proven to significantly reduce bad breath, plaque and tartar. When used along side brushing, results can usually be seen within 2-8 weeks.  Simply mix the powder into a serving of canned food or lightly moisten the kibble just enough to make the powder stick to the food when mixed.

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Canine Distemper

Canine distemper is a very contagious and deadly virus that affects a dog’s respiratory, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems, as well as the conjunctival membranes of the eye. Dogs are not the only animal susceptible to this virus. Ferrets and wildlife such as raccoons, coyotes, wolves, foxes and skunks are at risk as well. Dogs of all ages are susceptible to distemper, but those with suppressed immune systems and dogs that are un-vaccinated or not completely vaccinated are at the highest risk for contracting the virus.  Prognosis for recovery is very guarded for this disease. Those who do recover usually have lasting neurological deficits for the rest of their life.

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Canine Breed Spotlight: Chow Chow

The Chow Chow is one of the few ancient dog breeds still in existence today. They are believed to have originated in Mongolia and Northern China. The breed slowly made its way south with the nomadic tribes of Mongolia. In Mongolia the Chow Chow is referred to as Songshi Quan which means “puffy-lion dog”.  They were used as working and sporting dogs in China for many centuries. They were used for herding, pulling, protection and as scenting and pointing dogs for hunting.

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Canine Adenovirus

There are two types of canine adenovirus, type one (CAV-1) and type two (CAV-2). Canine adenovirus-1 causes infectious canine hepatitis, which is a viral infection of the liver. While canine adenovirus-2  is one of a few viruses that causes canine infectious tracheobronchitis, which is also known as kennel cough.

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Feline Breed Spotlight: Manx

The Manx cat is one of the oldest know cat breeds, they are thought to date back to 1750 or later. There are many legends and stories to how this tailless cat came about, however the Manx’s identifying characteristic is due to a genetic mutation. Either a tailless cat or possibly a Japanese corkscrewed tail cat landed on the remote location for the Isle of Man, off the coast of Britain from a trading ship. Due to the cat ending up on an island, it was easy for its genes to be spread throughout the cat population on the island. The name “Manx” comes from origin of this breed being the Isle of Man.

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Cats, Feline BreedsKari
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

The feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) causes immunodeficiency disease in domestic cats. This makes the cat’s body unable to develop a normal immune response. Once a cat is infected by the virus their immune system becomes severely weakened. This is a slow acting virus and an infected cat may not show symptoms until years after the initial infection has occurred. Cats with FIV that are kept in a stress-free environment, with proper supportive and medical care tend to not show symptoms and do live a normal, comfortable life. When the disease does reach its terminal phase, the cat becomes prone to developing secondary infections or cancer. This disease is primarily spread by deep bite wounds via saliva. It also has the potential to be spread from an infected mother to the kittens during passage through the birth canal or when the newborn kittens ingest infected milk.

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Canine Breed Spotlight: Miniature Schnauzer

The Miniature Schnauzer is known in Germany as the Zwergschnauzer– “zwerg” means dwarf and “schnauzer” comes from the German word for beard or whiskered muzzle in reference to the dog’s beard. Miniature Schnauzers were bred with the intent to create a smaller version of the Standard Schnauzer. They were developed in Germany by crossing breeding the standard size Schnauzer with smaller dogs, such as the Miniature Pinscher, Affernpinscher and possibly the Miniature Poodle or Pomeranian.  Originally these dogs were bred and used as ratters. While they still retain that ability, the Miniature Schnauzer is mostly a companion dog today.

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Feline Breed Spotlight: American Bobtail

A kitten was obtained with a short tail to a couple when on vacation. They bred this cat to their female when they arrived home, and the resulting kittens all had short tails. The resulting short tail kittens suggests that the short tail trait was caused by a dominant gene. A breeding program began where these kittens were bred with other cats with naturally short tails. Selective breeding was done to create a a big sturdy cat with a short tail and sweet temperament. Out crossing for breeding is no longer needed as they have a large enough gene pool. This breed is different and is a completely separate breed from the Pixie-Bob cat- there are major differences in head shape, feet and colors/markings between the two breeds.

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Feline BreedsKari
Feline Calicivirus (FCV)

Feline calicivirus is a very contagious virus seen in cats. It is responsible (along with FVR) for causing upper respiratory infections in cats. This virus is spread through the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and lining of the eyelids. It can be spread by direct contact, inhalation of sneeze droplets and through sharing of dishes, bedding and litter boxes. This virus mutates readily during replication, meaning that there are many different strains of the virus out there.  Some strains are more pathogenic than others and can cause a more severe case of disease. This virus can remain stable in the environment for up to a month.

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